Rehabilitation of abandoned railways challenges from the civil engineering point of view, cost pressure as estimation of the costs, risks associated, and their opportunities in UK

Abandoned Railway Tracks

These are the railway tracks that has not been under usage since long time due to certain reasons, we can say these railway tracks are disused railway tracks or closed railway tracks due to their not usage since long time.

Cost Management, Estimate, Estimation, Whole Life Cycle Costing, Civil Engineering, Pragmatic Approach, Railways, Circular Economy
Cost Management, Estimate, Estimation, Whole Life Cycle Costing, Civil Engineering, Pragmatic Approach, Railways, Circular Economy

Challenges Behind Rehabilitation of abandoned railways w.r.t civil engineering in UK market

There can be many challenges come in front of rehabilitation of abandoned railways in UK market and we will discuss most important factors regarding Civil engineering point of view here.

  • Conservation and consistency in railway tracks

With the passage of time people are more converging towards usage of railways, so demand of railways and railway track are increasing directly due to above reason. So, ultimately chances of increasing faults and other problems relevant to railway tracks increases. Huge demand of Maintenance of railway tracks, rails rods, joints and overall track is one of the biggest factors as a challenge in rehabilitation of abandoned railways in UK.

  • Modernization and new development in railway department

As we are moving towards era of super technology in which we must meet the competition of technology that is boosting all around the world in railway department. This is 2nd biggest factor behind the abandoned railway tracks, because the railway department didn’t meet the advance and new requirements of railways with respect to technology at international standards. Ultimately, they remain far behind, and failure occurs due to old technology. UK railways must follow the advanced engineering design and concept at railways to modernize the overall concept of railway to rehabilitate this process.

Cost Management, Estimate, Estimation, Whole Life Cycle Costing, Civil Engineering, Pragmatic Approach, Railways, Circular Economy
Cost Management, Estimate, Estimation, Whole Life Cycle Costing, Civil Engineering, Pragmatic Approach, Railways, Circular Economy
  • Cost relevant to Engineering design

Due to old technology and design of railway tracks in UK market, there can be many associated cost factors come in between abondance of railway tracks. There can be many associated costs let me discuss few of them in table below,

Correlated costsFactors behind the costs
30% involvementNew technology devolvement
30% involvementAdvancement in engineering design
25% involvementRise in engineering materials demand
15% involvementAnalysis techniques improvement
100%Total
Cost Management, Estimate, Estimation, Whole Life Cycle Costing, Civil Engineering, Pragmatic Approach, Railways, Circular Economy
  • Robustness of Engineering design

Performance of engineering design is also important factor behind robustness of railways. The design should be according to the high-level standards of civil engineering and should meet the international standards of civil engineering. In UK market the railway design is not up to the highest mark of standards of civil engineering. So, we can say that this can also be the factor behind of abounded of railways in UK market. The civil engineering design should be tested before usage in market at railways so, that it can meet international standards of safety and other analysis members.

Cost Management, Estimate, Estimation, Whole Life Cycle Costing, Civil Engineering, Pragmatic Approach, Railways, Circular Economy
Cost Management, Estimate, Estimation, Whole Life Cycle Costing, Civil Engineering, Pragmatic Approach, Railways, Circular Economy
  • Extreme conditions durability

The one of the most important factors behind the abondance of railways in UK market is that their railways are not mark up to meet the extreme conditions in engineering domain. Suppose if the weather changes drastically then engineering design should be as much as robust, he can bear all the parameters without affecting the performance and quality of work. Their railway tracks must meet up to the challenges in engineering extreme conditions.

  • Traffic volume

This is another reason behind the abondance of railway tracks that there may be increase of decrease in traffic volume at that railway tracks at very high level, so railway company decided to abandon this railway track because it is not generating any profit. We all know that people work for their home and companies work for profit, if they are not getting profit obviously, they will close this chapter and moves towards more profitable business.

  • Invention of Internal combustion engine

Steam engines are used in railway tracks, after inventing steam generators engines and railways and constructing them to every city and many towns, we move on to develop IC-powered motor cars that were more efficient for transporting smaller groups of people. To satisfy current transportation ideas, certain closed railways are being reactivated.

Beeching Cuts phenomenon

Just about a third of the network was shut down by Dr. Richard Beeching. Many of these lines would not come up with been created in the opening place because they are rural and do not serve any major inhabitants centres, such as the Manchester & Milford (Haven). Doesn’t it sound fantastic? You may not be aware that it ran from Pencader to Aberystwyth.

Or railway lines like the London extension lead of the Great Central, which ran from Annerley (at the end of the line of coal) to Quainton Road, where it joined the Metropolitan line from Verney Junction to Baker St. in London, branching off at Cranfield Place to its own terminus Marylebone, all of which were served by other lines.

Dr. Beeching, an ICI manager, was brought in to assist stop the railways from losing money. Some railway lines were little utilized because the private automobile had taken off. Many criticized it as short-spotted, but the truth was that the nationalized railway system was in disarray, and the public had spoken with their feet. It’s either use it or lose it. By the turn of the century, certain lines had acquired a novelty value, and as people became wealthier, they were willing to pay to ride on a sentimental, picturesque train.

Charlie
Cost Management, Estimate, Estimation, Whole Life Cycle Costing, Civil Engineering, Pragmatic Approach, Railways, Circular Economy
Cost Management, Estimate, Estimation, Whole Life Cycle Costing, Civil Engineering, Pragmatic Approach, Railways, Circular Economy
  • Delay in Maintenance and operations

Cost is directly link with delays and evolvement of technology in the field of engineering. During recent years in UK, there are many delays in project of reopening of railway tracks. Due to these delays, there are many faults created at the end of railway tracks in the form many problems. There are no predictive and preventive maintenance of railway tracks. The time is passing and passing day by day. Due to huge delay in maintenance railway tracks become non-operational and company managers must abandon these railway tracks.

  • Other reasons

This is known as “abandon in place,” and it is done if the line may be needed in the future. Obtaining the right of way, constructing the grade, building the bridges, and laying new track are all more expensive than rehabilitating a line with new rail, ties, and ballast. If traffic increases to the point that a line becomes congested, more track is required. If there is an abandoned in-place line nearby, it is less expensive to renew it than to install a second main to meet the increased traffic, not to mention the extra customers who may be served for more money.

Cost Management, Estimate, Estimation, Whole Life Cycle Costing, Civil Engineering, Pragmatic Approach, Railways, Circular Economy
Cost Management, Estimate, Estimation, Whole Life Cycle Costing, Civil Engineering, Pragmatic Approach, Railways, Circular Economy

Common variables

Because there are so many variables, I’ll focus on the roadbeds near me and provide an explanation; in many situations, the operation halted due to a lack of business. It has occasionally stopped working due to a lack of maintenance. In either case, the expense of maintaining the connection outweighed the amount of business that could be done on it.

The Surface Transportation Board was established by the Interstate Commerce Commission in the 1980s to govern railroad infrastructure, among other things. However, the main issue was that numerous large railways were wanting to combine into railroad Giants at the time, and the ICC informed them they were just too massive to do so. The dimensions were calculated based on the number of miles of track they possessed. Those railroads responded by abandoning and dismantling all of the train tracks that were not profitable enough to remain operational. As a result, thousands of miles of railroad lines were dismantled at an alarming rate, prompting the STB to intervene by making it illegal to dismantle a railroad track. Yes, it’s against the law.

The Surface was established in the United States in the 1980s by the Interstate Commerce Commission to abandon and remove an existing railroad track. There are, of course, exceptions. In order to proceed with the abandonment of a right-of-way corridor, railroads must seek for an exemption status on the line. Revenue has not gone over the lines in more than two years, and there are no companies near to the tracks that might profit from train service are two conditions to fulfil those exclusions. If a business stands to gain, even if it’s only an open lot with the possibility to develop a building that needs rail service, the landowner or business owner must sign a railroad petition claiming benefit. ensure they are not harmed by the lack of railroad service now or in the future.


Cost Management, Estimate, Estimation, Whole Life Cycle Costing, Civil Engineering, Pragmatic Approach, Railways, Circular Economy
Cost Management, Estimate, Estimation, Whole Life Cycle Costing, Civil Engineering, Pragmatic Approach, Railways, Circular Economy
  • Reasons with states example and railbanking phenomenon

In some states, such as Tennessee, South Carolina, and Georgia, the state legislature passed legislation allowing for “Railbanking,” which allows them to intervene in the abandonment process and force the railroad to sell the Right-of-Way corridor to the state rather than allowing it to dissolve into general real estate. Most of these states passed railbanking legislation prior to the STB, making track abandonment illegal. The Right-of-Way corridors in these railbanked states are being preserved for future use, even if it is simply for future highways. However, it was designed to retain a certain level of rail infrastructure integrity if the need to serve customers or restore the line for commuter and passenger service arose.

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